Spanish Navy

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SPANISH NAVY

In the middle of the nineteenth century Spain had a reasonably sized navy to protect its overseas colonies. Spain was one of a few smaller navies who built broadside ironclads,, mostly being converted form older wooden frigates,. The Spanish navy was involved in the 1864 to 1866 war against Peru and Chile and also another major event was the 1968 Cadiz Mutiny.   In 1898 the USS Maine blew up in Havana Harbour, although not sabotaged by the Spanish, this incident gave the American the cause to declare  war on Spain and Cuba. During the Battle of  Manila Bay and Santiago the Spanish navy was nearly entirely destroyed.  This loss of sea power ultimately played its part in the loss of the Spanish Colonies, including The Philippines and Cuba.  After this crushing defeat there was no, enthusiasm to re build a strong Navy. and even the ships in the process of building were delayed before being completed.

 

AIRCRAFT CARRIERS

BATTLESHIPS / ARMOURED SHIPS

CRUISERS

DESTROYERS

SUBMARINES

FRIGATES

CORVETTES

MINESWEEPERS

TORPEDO BOATS

AMPHIBIOUS VESSELS

PATROL CRAFT

SLOOPS / GUNBOATS

 

NAME

BUILDER

LAUNCHED

FATE

CORVETTES

ATREVIDA class corvettes        Displacement: 912t standard; 1022t full load        Armament: 1-4.1in/45 DP, 2-37mm AA, 12-20mm AA, 4 DCT, 20 mines        Complement: 132

Atrevido 2.12.52 Stricken 1992
Descubierta 9.6.52 Stricken 1978
Diana 29.4.55 Stricken 1973
Nautilus 23.8.56 Stricken 1991
Princesa 31.3.56 Stricken 1991
Villa De Bilbao 19.2.58 Stricken 1991

SERVIOLA class corvettes          Displacement: 836t standard; 1106t full load            Armament: 1-3in Mk 26, MG, 1 helicopter          Complement: 42

Atalaya 22.11.91 In service 1995
Centinela 30.3.90 In service 1995
Serviola 10.5.90 In service 1995
Vigia 12.4.91 In service 1995
MINESWEEPERS

GUADIARO class minesweepers             Displacement: 671t standard; 770t full load               Armament: 1-3.5in, 1-37mm AA, 2-20mm AA    Complement: 79

Almanzora 22.7.53 Stricken 1977
Eo 22.9.53 Stricken 1978
Eume 22.7.53 Stricken 1977
Guadalhorce 18.2.53 Stricken 1978
Guadiaro 26.6.50 Stricken 1977
Navia 28.7.53 Stricken 1979
Tinto 26.6.50 Stricken 1976

Ex-US AMS type coastal minesweepers

Duero 1953-58 Transferred to patrol duties 1980
Ebro 1953-58 Transferred to patrol duties 1980
Genil 1953-58 In service 1995
Jucar 1953-58 Transferred to patrol duties 1980
Llobregat 1953-58 Stricken 1980 due to fire
Mino 1953-58 In service 1995
Nalon 1953-58 Transferred to patrol duties 1980
Odiel 1953-58 Transferred to patrol duties 1980
Sil 1953-58 In service 1995
Tajo 1953-58 In service 1995
Turia 1953-58 In service 1995

M34 Turia at Malta, February 2002.

Photographed by Patrick D'Agostino. Copyright Cranston Fine Arts.  A reproduction of this original photo  size 10" x 7" approx available.  Order photograph here  . Order Code  PD874

M34 Turia at Malta, February 2002.

Segura Class Minehunter, Commissioned 2000.

Photographed by Patrick D'Agostino. Copyright Cranston Fine Arts.  A reproduction of this original photo  size 10" x 7" approx available.  Order photograph here  . Order Code  PD678

Ulla 1953-58 In service 1995

Ex-US AGGRESSIVE class ocean minesweepers

Guadalete 1.7.71 In service 1995
Guadalmedina 1.7.71 In service 1995
Guadalquivir 1.7.71 In service 1995
Guadiana 4.4.72 In service 1995

Segura Class Minehunters

Segura Commissioned 1999 In service

M31 Segura at Malta, November 2000.

Segura Class Minehunter, commissioned 1999.

Photographed by Patrick D'Agostino. Copyright Cranston Fine Arts.  A reproduction of this original photo  size 10" x 7" approx available.  Order photograph here  . Order Code  PD642

M31 Segura at Malta, November 2000.

Photographed by Patrick D'Agostino. Copyright Cranston Fine Arts.  A reproduction of this original photo  size 10" x 7" approx available.  Order photograph here  . Order Code  PD653

M31 Segura at Malta, April 2003.

Photographed by Patrick D'Agostino. Copyright Cranston Fine Arts.  A reproduction of this original photo  size 10" x 7" approx available.  Order photograph here  . Order Code  PD843

M31 Segura at Malta, April 2003.

Photographed by Patrick D'Agostino. Copyright Cranston Fine Arts.  A reproduction of this original photo  size 10" x 7" approx available.  Order photograph here  . Order Code  PD844

Sella Commissioned 1999 In service

M32 Sella at Malta.

Photographed by Patrick D'Agostino. Copyright Cranston Fine Arts.  A reproduction of this original photo  size 10" x 7" approx available.  Order photograph here  . Order Code  DPD193

M32 Sella at Malta.

Photographed by Patrick D'Agostino. Copyright Cranston Fine Arts.  A reproduction of this original photo  size 10" x 7" approx available.  Order photograph here  . Order Code  DPD194

Tambre Commissioned 2000 In service

M33 Tambre at Malta, September 2001.

Photographed by Patrick D'Agostino. Copyright Cranston Fine Arts.  A reproduction of this original photo  size 10" x 7" approx available.  Order photograph here  . Order Code  PD589

M33 Tambre at Malta, September 2001.

Segura Class Minehunter, commissioned 2000.

Photographed by Patrick D'Agostino. Copyright Cranston Fine Arts.  A reproduction of this original photo  size 10" x 7" approx available.  Order photograph here  . Order Code  PD379

M33 Tambre at Malta, September 2001.

Photographed by Patrick D'Agostino. Copyright Cranston Fine Arts.  A reproduction of this original photo  size 10" x 7" approx available.  Order photograph here  . Order Code  PD1541

M33 Tambre at Malta, September 2001.

Photographed by Patrick D'Agostino. Copyright Cranston Fine Arts.  A reproduction of this original photo  size 10" x 7" approx available.  Order photograph here  . Order Code  PD1542

M33 Tambre at Malta, September 2001.

Photographed by Patrick D'Agostino. Copyright Cranston Fine Arts.  A reproduction of this original photo  size 10" x 7" approx available.  Order photograph here  . Order Code  PD1543

Turia Commissioned 2000 In service

M31 Segura at Malta, November 2000.

Photographed by Patrick D'Agostino. Copyright Cranston Fine Arts.  A reproduction of this original photo  size 10" x 7" approx available.  Order photograph here  . Order Code  PD1563

M31 Segura at Malta, November 2000.

Photographed by Patrick D'Agostino. Copyright Cranston Fine Arts.  A reproduction of this original photo  size 10" x 7" approx available.  Order photograph here  . Order Code  PD1564

M31 Segura at Malta, November 2000.

Photographed by Patrick D'Agostino. Copyright Cranston Fine Arts.  A reproduction of this original photo  size 10" x 7" approx available.  Order photograph here  . Order Code  PD1565

Torpedo Craft

Spanish Torpedo boats photographed c.1910.

A reproduction of this original photo / photo-postcard size 10" x 7" approx available.  Order photograph here  ? Walker Archive. Order Code PAN051

Destructor Class

Destructor Thomson, Glasgow 29th July 1886 Discarded 1911
Temerairo Class
Temerairo Cartagena 1889 Sold 1920
Nueva Espana Carraca 1889 Discarded 1916
Galicia La Grana 1891 Fate Unknown
Marques de Molins La Grana 1891 Discarded 1922
Martin Alonzo Pinzon (ex Audaz) La Grana 1889 Discarded 1914
Rapido Carraca 1891 Fate Unknown
Vincente Yanez Pinzon La Grana 1891 Discarded 1914

Filipinas Class

Filipinas Cadiz 1892 Stricken c1906

Dona Maria De Molina Class

Dona Maria de Molina Ferrol 9th October 1896 Discarded 1926
Marques de la Vitoria Ferrol 4th February 1897 Discarded 1926
Don Alvaro de Bazan Ferrol 14th September 1897 Discarded 1926

Furor Class

Furor Clydebank 1896 Sunk 1st May 1898

Furor.

Contributed by Rafael Galvan Diaz.

Terror Clydebank 1896 Broken Up 1924

Audaz Class

Audaz Clydebank 1897 Broken Up 1925
Osado Clydebank 1897 Broken Up 1925
Pluton Clydebank 1897 Sunk 1st May 1898
Prosperina Clydebank 1897 Broken Up 1931

Castor Class

Castor La Seyne 1878 Fate Unknown

Pollux Class

Pollux Yarrow 1879 Fate Unknown

Rigel Class

Rigel  Bremen 1883 Fate Unknown

Acevedo Class

Acevedo Thornycroft  1885 Fate Unknown
Julian Ordonez  Thornycroft  1885 Fate Unknown

Retamosa Class

Retamosa Yarrow 1885 Fate Unknown

Orion Class

Orion Germaniawerft 1885 Fate Unknown

Barcezo Class

Barcezo Normand 1886-7 Fate Unknown
Bustamente Normand 1886-7 Fate Unknown

Habana Class

Habana Thornycroft 1886 Fate Unknown

Azor Class

Azor Yarrow  1887 Fate Unknown

Azor.

Contributed by Rafael Galvan Diaz.

Halcon Yarrow 1887 Fate Unknown

Ariete Class

Ariete Thornycroft 1887 Destroyed by fire, Cadiz 10th December 1905

Ariete, c.1891

Photograph taken from book published 1892 by captain Eardley Wilmott.  Book owned by Cranston Fine Arts

Rayo Thornycroft 1887 Destroyed by fire, Cadiz 10th December 1905

Ejercito Class

Ejercito Germaniawerft 1887 Fate Unknown

No 1 Type Torpedo Boats

1 Cartagena 1912 Broken Up 1931
2 Cartagena 1911 Discarded 1939
3 Cartagena 1912 Wrecked 3rd September 1936
4 Cartagena 1912 Scuttled April 1939
5 Cartagena 1912 Broken Up 1931
6 Cartagena 1912 Broken Up 1932
7 Cartagena 1914 Broken Up 1944
8 Cartagena 1914 Broken Up 1932
9 Cartagena 1915 Discarded 1943
10 Cartagena 1916 Broken Up 1932
11 Cartagena 1915 Broken Up 1931
12 Cartagena 1915 Broken Up 1932
13 Cartagena 1914 Broken Up 1932
14 Cartagena 1915 Discarded 1952
15 Cartagena 1916 Broken Up 1935
16 Cartagena 1916 Discarded 1943
17 Cartagena 1918 Broken Up 1952
18 Cartagena 1918 Discarded 1939
19 Cartagena 1918 Discarded 1943
20 Cartagena 1918 Scuttled April 1939
21 Cartagena 1919 Scuttled April 1939
22 Cartagena 1919 Scuttled April 1939

Audaz Class

Ariete - 1960-65 Ran Aground in River Muros
Atrevido - 1951
Audaz - 1951
Furor - 1960-65
Intrepido - 1960-65
Osado - 1951
Rayo - 1951
Relampago - 1960-65
Temerario - 1960-65

Sloops and Gunboats

Vencedora Class

Vencedora  - 1861 Fate Unknown

Africa Class

Africa - 1862 Fate Unknown

Bazan Class

Bazan - 1873 Out of service by 1890

Jorge Juan Class

Jorge Juan La Seyne 1876 Fate Unknown
Sanchez Barcaiztegui La Seyne  1876 Lost off Cuba September 1895

Sirena Class

Sirena - 1863 Out of Service by 1890
Ligera - 1864 Out of Service by 1890

Prosperidad Class

Prosperidad Cartegena 1865 Fate Unknown

Fernando el Catolico Class

Fernando el Catolico La Seyne 1875 Rammed and sunk by Numancia in 1873
Marques del Duero La Seyne 1875 Lost at Battle of Manila Bay 1st May 1898

General Concha Class

General Concha Ferrol 1883 Lost June 1913
Mallaganes Carraca 1885 Fate Unknown
El Cano Carraca 1885 Fate Unknown
General Lezo Cartagena 1885 Fate Unknown

Recalde Class

Recalde Cartagena 31st December 1910 Discarded 1932
Laya  Cartagena 1910 Sunk by Nationalist Aircraft at Valencia 15th June 1938
Bonifaz Cartagena 1911 Discarded 1932
Lauria Cartagena 1912 Discarded 1930s

Castillo Class

Antonio Canovas del Castillo Cartagena 21st January 1922 Stricken 1959
Jose Canalejas Cartagena 1st December 1922 Stricken 1953
Eduarto Dato Cartagena July 1923 Stricken 1954

Calvo Sotelo Class

Calvo Sotelo Echavarrieta y Larrinaga 27th August 1934 Stricken 1957

Cartagenera Class

Cartagenera - 1908 Discarded 1925

Jupiter Class

Jupiter Ferrol 14th September 1935 Stricken 1974
Marte Ferrol 19th June 1936 Stricken 1972
Neptuno Ferrol 19th December 1937 Stricken 1970
Vulcano Ferrol 12th October 1935 Stricken 1977

Eolo Class

Eolo Ferrol 3oth August 1939 Stricken 1972
Triton Ferrol 24th February 1940 Stricken 1972

Pizarro Class

Hernan Cortes  Ferrol 3rd August 1944 Stricken 1971
Martin Alonso Pinzon Ferrol 3rd August 1944 Stricken late 1960s
Pizarro Ferrol 3rd August 1944 Stricken late 1960s
Vesco Nunez de Balboa Ferrol 3rd August 1944 Stricken 1972
Legazpi Ferrol 3rd August 1944 Stricken 1978
Magallanes Ferrol 3rd August 1944 Stricken 1972
Sarmiento de Gamboa Ferrol 3rd August 1944 Stricken 1973
Vicente Yanez Pinzon Ferrol 3rd August 1944 Extant 1980

Ex British Motor Launches

M 1 (ex ML 179 ) - Purchased 1921  Discarded 1930s
M 2 (ex ML 185 ) - Purchased 1921 Deleted 1926
M 3 (ex ML 205 ) - Purchased 1921 Destroyed By Fire 1925
M 4 (ex ML 239 ) - Purchased 1921 Deleted 1926
M 5 (ex ML 503 ) - Purchased 1921 Discarded 1930s
M 6 (ex ML 532 ) - Purchased 1921 Discarded 1930s
AMPHIBIOUS VESSELS

Ex-US CABILDO class dock landing ship

Galicia 1st July 1971 Stricken 12th January 1988

Ex-US TERREBONNE PARISH class tank landing ships

Vellasco 29.10.71 Stricken 1994
Martin Alvarez 29.10.71 In service 1995
Conde De Venadito 5.1.72 Stricken 1990

Ex-US HASKELL class attack transport

Aragon 19.12.64 Stricken 1987
Ex-US ANDROMEDA class attack cargo ship
Castilla 2.2.65 Stricken 1987

Ex-US PAUL REVERE class amphibious transports

Castilla 17.1.80 In service 1995
Aragon 11.7.80 In service 1995

Ex-US NEWPORT class amphibious transports

Hernan Cortes 26.8.94 In service 1995

L41 Hernan Cortes.

Ex - US Newport Class Amphibious Transport.  (ex - USS Barnstable County)  Acquired 26th August 1994.

Image contributed by and copyright of Nick Newns.

Pizarro May 1995 In service 1995

Galicia class amphibious transports

Galicia 1998 In service

L51 Galicia at Malta.

Photographed by Patrick D'Agostino. Copyright Cranston Fine Arts.  A reproduction of this original photo  size 10" x 7" approx available.  Order photograph here  . Order Code  DPD431

L51 Galicia at Malta.

Photographed by Patrick D'Agostino. Copyright Cranston Fine Arts.  A reproduction of this original photo  size 10" x 7" approx available.  Order photograph here  . Order Code  DPD432

L51 Galicia at Malta.

Photographed by Patrick D'Agostino. Copyright Cranston Fine Arts.  A reproduction of this original photo  size 10" x 7" approx available.  Order photograph here  . Order Code  DPD433

L51 Galicia at Malta.

Photographed by Patrick D'Agostino. Copyright Cranston Fine Arts.  A reproduction of this original photo  size 10" x 7" approx available.  Order photograph here  . Order Code  DPD434

Castilla 2001 In service
PATROL CRAFT

German S-BOAT type fast attack          Displacement: 100t standard; 116t full load          Armament: 2-20mm AA, 4 MG, 2-21in TT             Complement: 22

LT  27 - Stricken 1963
LT  28 - Stricken 1963
LT 29 - Stricken 1963
LT 30 - Stricken 1977
LT 31 - Stricken 1977
LT 32 - Stricken 1978

LAZAGA class fast attack craft             Displacement: 275t standard; 399t full load             Armament: 1-76mm/62 OTO Melara compact, 1-40mm/70in Mk 32 ASW TT, DC racks             Complement: 34

Lazaga - Stricken 1993
Alsedo - Stricken 1993
Cadarso - Stricken 1993
Villamil - Stricken 1993
Bonifaz - Stricken 1993
Recalde - Stricken 1993

CORMORAN fast attack craft              Displacement: 374t full load            Armament: 1-40/70 Bofors, 1-20mm Oerlikon          Complement: ?

Cormoran 1985 Taken over by Spanish Navy 1989 as testbed & patrol vessel

BARCELO class fast attack craft            Displacement: 134t full load             Armament:  1-40mm/70 Breda Bofors, 2-20mm Oerlikon GAM 204, 2-12.7mm MG, 2-21in TT               Complement: 40

Barcelo - In service 1995
Layla - In service 1995
Javier Quiroga - In service 1995
Ordonez - In service 1995
Acevedo - In service 1995
Candido Perez - In service 1995

Ex-US PC type patrol vessel            Armament: 1-3in DP, 1-40mm

Javier Quiroga 1956 Stricken 1971

ANAGA class large patrol craft              Displacement: 296.5t full load            Armament: 1-76mm/62 OTO Melara compact, 2-Mk 100           Complement: 25

Anaga - In service 1995
Togomago - In service 1995
Marola - In service 1995
Monro - In service 1995
Grosa - In service 1995
Medas - In service 1995
Izaro - In service 1995
Tabarca - In service 1995
Deva  - In service 1995
Bergantin - In service 1995

Ex-US AMS class large patrol craft

Naron 1980 Stricken 1993
Turia 1980 Stricken 1993
Ulla 1980 Stricken 1993
Mino  1980 reverted to minesweeping 1984
Sil 1980 reverted to minesweeping 1984
 

A11 Marques De La Ensenada at Malta.

Photographed by Patrick D'Agostino. Copyright Cranston Fine Arts.  A reproduction of this original photo  size 10" x 7" approx available.  Order photograph here  . Order Code  DPD388

A11 Marques De La Ensenada at Malta.

Photographed by Patrick D'Agostino. Copyright Cranston Fine Arts.  A reproduction of this original photo  size 10" x 7" approx available.  Order photograph here  . Order Code  DPD389

The landing party of the old wooden sailing corvette, "Villa de Bilbao", a vessel of 1,189 tons built in 1847, and used as a training ship (1898)

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